Bhupinder: Pujya swami ji, pranam My question is that if Shiv ji is not a God or Vishnu is not a God then why there is a mention of them in Vedas example krishna yajur veda shri rudram,namakam and chamakam. Please enlighten thank you.
Swami Ram Swarup: My blessings to you. In Vedas, no proper name has been used except that of Almighty God. Vedas do not even contain any historical event. Gyankand (science), karma kand (deeds) and upasana kand (worship) , the said three eternal educations have been briefed in Vedas. I paste one of my answers-
Parbrahma is formless, omnipresent, omniscient and Almighty God who creates, nurses and destroys the universe. Yajurveda mantra 27/36 states “Na jataha na janishyate” i.e. no one equivalent to God, has either been born or shall be born.”
So, He is only the supreme in the universe. Rigveda Mantra 10/129/7 states that “God is the lord of universe and all souls and prakriti always remain under his control and work under Him. Gayatri is a chchand and Gayatri is also a ved mantra. Ved mantras emanate direct from God at the beginning of every non-sexual creation (Rigveda mantra 10/129/1,2,3 refer), Brahma is also learned acharya who knows four Vedas but somewhere its meaning is also formless, Almighty God as reported above. Shiv means he who is beneficial to all universe and He is only formless Brahma.
Question can arise that Shiv, Brahma, Gayatri, Par Brahma are being considered one, formless God. Yes, Please. Yajurveda mantra 1/164/46 states- “Ekam Sadrupa Vipraha Bahuda vadanti” i.e., God is one but based on His divine qualities and deeds, His names are innumerable.
Rudra means he who annihilates the sinners. You know, only Almighty God destroys the sinners i.e., why the name of God is rudra. Similarly, in 16th chapter of Yajurveda mantra 1, states “ Namaste Rudra Manyave Nameh Astu”. Here, the meaning of Rudra is king. So, meaning of the mantra is (Rudra) Oh! King, those who subject you to their anger, are liable to be badly crushed. So, in Vedas word will be one, but according to the situation of the mantra, its meaning varies. I also paste my article on the names of God.
There is only one God who is formless, creates, nurses and destroys the universe. He is Almighty and supreme, beyond description, beyond imagination and beyond calculation. He is omnipresent and omniscient. Divine qualities of Almighty God are described in eternal knowledge of Vedas. Vedas emanate direct from God. So all Hindus and others too believe in Vedas.
Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh are the name of one said God. God has no wives please because He is Almighty and needs no assistance etc. No one is above God please. All religions tell to worship God.
Vishnu is also a name of formless, Almighty God based on quality. Quality is a sunder- “Vishnu” word is made from “Vishlari” Dhatu and the sense of Vishlari” is omnipresent. So he who has the quality of being Omnipresent at all times without a second’s break, He is Vishnu and no other Vishnu exists equivalent to this God. Similarly, Brahma= “Vri Vridhau” i.e., the biggest amongst the universe. Naturally, He is Almighty God. So, the name of Almighty God is also Brahma. Similarly, according to Yajurveda mantra 16/41 shiv means he who is beneficial/causes welfare, is shiv. The most beneficial, who creates and nurses the universe is Almighty God. So, Shiv is also name of Almighty God. Similarly, the said ved mantra states the word “Shankar” which means He who gives peace to all who Worship Him. The name of God is “Shankar” as well.
Names of God
In the Vedas there is only one God but has so many names according to his qualities. For example His name is OM which means the God is the saviour of all. His name is SURYA (sun) i.e., sun has light but sun takes light from God because God has the supreme and Divine light of His own. His name is Chandrma (moon). Moon gives peace, calm, cold and charming light so the name of God is also Chandrma (moon) because God gives peace, calm etc., to those who worship etc., etc. we all people do not worship thirty three Goddesses as briefed above. Shiva means Kalyan i.e., happiness, welfare, good fortune and benediction etc., i.e., He who does welfare to human beings, He is Shiva and He is only one Almighty God said above. Vishnu means He who is everywhere and He is only one Almighty God.
Rig-Veda mantra 1/164/46 says,”EKAM SADRUPA VIPRAH BAHUDHA VADANTI,” i.e., EKAM SATAM means truth is one i.e., God is one but VIPRAH = Rishis, Munis who were/are learned of Vedas, BAHUDHA VADANTI utter so many names of God mentioned in Vedas like AGNIM YAMAM MATRISHVANAM AAHUHU meaning-the name of God are Agni, Yam, Matrishva and AAHUHU means “says”. In Yajurveda mantra 32/1 the names of God stated are AGNI, ADITYA, VAAYU, CHANDRMA, SHUKRAM, BRAHM, AAPAH, and PRAJAPATIHI ETC, ETC, ETC. I would explain the meaning of above all the names of God in brief due to shortage of time and space.
AGNI= agrini i.e., at the top or who comes first or who was before the creation and according to the said qualities, here the meaning of Agni pertains to God i.e., God is eternal and therefore exists always before the creation etc. that is why Rigveda mantra 1/1/1 says AGNIM Eedey – in the said mantra the meaning of Agni is God according to the qualities and situation. Meaning of Eedey means desire. Therefore the meaning of Agnim Eedey is , “I am desirous of God. Similarly YAM means controller of universe, Matrishva means air i.e., like the air God gives life to human beings. Aditya means which can not be broken into pieces, Chandrma means like moon God gives calm/peace, Shukram means Almighty, Braham means the superior/the biggest/the greatest etc., in the universe, Aapah means omnipresent, Prajapatihi means one who nurses the universe. So all the said meanings have the qualities of God and hence the name of God in the Vedas, but these are always uttered by Rishis Munis, who are learned of Vedas, as mentioned in Rig-Veda mantra quoted above. Therefore only Rishis Munis who are learned of Vedas, utter or tell the holy name of God mentioned in Vedas and those who do not know Vedas can never utter the above holy names of God. But the said holy names, on the other hand, are even of surprising nature to them.
One thing more, the holy names of God in the Vedas are according to the nature, knowledge and deeds (God creates, nurses, destroys and controls the universe etc.) of Almighty God. Therefore those names are eternal and countless. So I am not able to mention here infinite names of Almighty God being beyond imagination, beyond calculation and beyond description etc., and we have to worship the said Almighty God whose description is in four Vedas, whose study has mostly been made stopped by the present saints who were against the Vedas and speak only charming stories etc., and never tells about Vedas. Whereas the description of Vedas is in Geeta, Ramayana,
six shastras, Upnishads and all ancient holy books. The reason why the present (most of them) saints do not quote Vedas is that they do not study the Vedas, do not do Yajyen and do not obey Ashtang Yoga Philosophy mentioned in Vedas which was too adopted by Shri Ram, Shri Krishna, Mata Sita, King Harishchandra, king Dashrath and their subjects/ public etc. Therefore we must be aware of false prophets.
Anonymous: I sold my store while ago. Those who bought keep bothering me. Will they ever stop? Can we get this store back in future?
Swami Ram Swarup: When the store has been sold and deeds been completed by you then the matter gets finished once for all. Therefore the reason for bothering by the buyers is not understood. Secondly, if you do not want to take back the store then better you please keep silence and don’t divert your attention towards their bothering. However, if you are interested to get back the store then wait and watch. When the good time comes, you send the proposal to get back the store.