Dwivendra: Guruji pranaam ,first of all thank is a lot, you are doing a very pious deeds by clearing doubts . My questions is:
1) Please tell me what is Name of God in Hinduism . Like Allah for Muslims & Jesus for Christian.
2) Swamiji , if god is One ,then who is god like , Shiv ji, Ganpati, Ram, Shree Krishna?
3) Does the Polygamy allowed in Vedas? If no , then why our ancestors has so any wife’s .Like Krishna & King Dashrath.
4) Guruji, please explain, is there anywhere in Vedas it says that people can worship god in any way? If yes than pls tell the mantras.
5) Last one guruji , Example – Rig-Veda 1/64/44 . How will it be read like , chapter no 1 , sukta no 64, verse no 44. Is it like that or something else.
6) Thank you Guruji, Pranaam
Swami Ram Swarup: My blessings to you. You are welcome, beta.
(1) The main name of God to be chanted and remembered in mind is “OM”.
Again Rigved 1/164/46 states –
Indram Mitram Varunnamagnimaahuratho Divyah Sa Suparnno Garutmaan.
Ekam Sadvipra Bahudha Vadantyagnim Yamam Matrishvaanmaahuhu.
i.e., some of the names of God in this mantra are Indra, Mitra, Varunn, Agni, Matrishva etc. God is the first Guru of four rishis and thereafter the Rishis after getting the knowledge from four rishis have been traditionally giving us Para and Apara knowledge of Vedas till date. It will continue forever i.e., after the destruction of this universe too.
Isliye satya Ishwar to ek hai lekin gunn, karma, swabhav ke aadhar par Parmeshwar ke anant naam hain. Jaise Parmatma, Ishwar, Prabhu, Bhagwaan, Agni, Vaayu, Surya, Chandrama etc.
(2) No doubt, God is ONE but based on His divine qualities, He is the God whose divine deeds, nature and unlimited power is described in vedas. For example He is God who creates, nurses and destroys the universe. I paste my articles in this regard:-
God is formless
Being formless there is no need of statue or temple of God according to Vedas. As a matter of fact, you, I or every human being, lives in a body. Body is separate, we are called souls. Vedas say soul has no form even. Then also we know each other. For example even if you have not seen the photograph of King Akbar then, you can know Akbar by means of the study of his qualities. So is the case with the God. If an aspirant really goes to his Guru and listens Vedas like Shri Ram, and ancient kings and their public then he will be able to know hundred percent about formless God. Then comes realization for which Vedas (especially Samveda) says that he who performs Yajyen, does jaap (according to Vedas) and practises Ashtang Yoga Philosophy while remaining in family like Shri Ram etc., he sure realizes ,being eternal law.
If we will meditate concentrating outside our body which is also against Vedas/Ashtang Yoga Philosophy, then our attention will always naturally remain outside i.e., attached with outer world i.e., decoration/music/dances etc. In that case subject matter of God will be over. It will be converted into spending fun, doing dances and singing attractive songs by ladies and gents, which is totally against Vedas. Thus the chapter of praising God, True Acharya, Rishi-Munis, performing Yajyen, practice of Ashtang Yoga, eternal knowledge of Vedas etc., will be over.
It is also baseless to say that study of Vedas and practice of yoga philosophy is difficult. It is self made story because Vedas are also called Shruti i.e., Vedas are to be listened first and not to be studied. So to listen to the Vedas, a learned Acharya is needed. The Acharya will explain the Ved mantras in the Yajyen in your own language i.e., in English or Urdu etc., and for an aspirant to do asan, pranayaam, meditation etc., is also not difficult. It is all difficult for those human beings, including present false prophets, (who are against the Vedas), who are lazy, can’t awake early in the morning to listen Vedas and fail to do practice of yoga philosophy. Those people are always after money, materialistic articles and pomp and show etc.
Vedas are not written or spoken by God. This knowledge is emanated from God and is originated in the heart of four Rishis as stated above. God is Almighty i.e., He has all powers. So He needs no assistance to do deeds of universe. In human body alive soul resides and soul is dependent, soul requires mouth to speak, eye to see, hand to write etc., etc. but not God. From His power God originates the knowledge of Vedas in the rishis without writing, or speaking etc. Vedas’ knowledge is divine. The fundamental of the Vedas is this that it was not written or spoken. The knowledge by the power of God was originated about one Arab 96 crore, 8 lakh and 53,111 years ago. Then first time the four rishis of nonsexual creation started pronunciation of the mantras by the power of God. God wanted them to know word meanings and sense of the mantras and therefore the rishis knew all. Then first time the four rishis started pronunciation of the mantras. They taught the mantras to other ignorant people. Then more rishis were produced who knew the Vedas by heart by listening only. There was no paper, ink or pen there. The Vedas were being learnt orally and traditionally this process is yet in force. But mostly not by heart but taking help of the printed book. So printed books are not called Vedas but these are called samhita.
Samhita means the collection of Ved mantras. Therefore Present printed books cannot be considered as Vedas and will never be in future, but samhita. Kapil Muni throws light on this point in his Sankhya Shastra sutra 5/48 that when a rishi does tapsya in the shape of Yajyen, study of Vedas, practice of Ashtang Yoga then the Ved mantras still (now also) originate in heart of the Rishi and the rishi pronounces the mantras. Those mantras are called Vedas, which emanate from God. So Vedas must first be listened (study) from alive Acharya (Guru who knows Vedas). Then only Samhita (books of Vedas) can help.
Are Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesh Gods?
Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesh are not God. Vedas tell that there is only one formless God who never takes birth. He creates, nurses and destroys the universe. His power is enough to create and control the whole universe. He is Almighty i.e., He has all unlimited powers and therefore He does not need any assistance to create, nurse and destroy the universe by Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesh. If God needs assistance then He will not be called Almighty. So God does not need any support but we all humans as well as all living beings need His support and blessings everytime. However, in Vedas, there are innumerable names of Almighty God according to His divine qualities. So Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesh etc., are also the names of the formless Almighty God. Brahma means the greatest. Vishnu means omnipresent and Mahesh means the greatest.
(3) Shri Krishna Maharaj had only one wife named Rukmanni.
Polygamy is not mentioned in Vedas therefore totally against the Vedic eternal path.
Second marriage should always be avoided, please. King Dashrath and Sri Krishna Maharaj etc., were like Rishis and they had controlled their senses, perceptions and mind and hence second marriage was not a problem for them because all matters of sensuality were completely controlled by them.
Polygamy is allowed in some circumstances. For example Atharvaved states if a wife is of bad nature, is not obedient, not sweet spoken but abuses, characterless etc., then vedas tell to leave this wife and to marry other to get good progeny.
(4) Vedas only tell to worship God by following the vedic path because in vedas God Himself preaches how to worship God.
(5) Rigved mantra 1/64/44. It would be read like this:-
Mandal number – 1
Sukta number – 64
Mantra number – 44
My blessings to you.
Mamta: Sadar pranam guruji kya puran aur bhaghvat Katha sahi ha?
Swami Ram Swarup: Mera aapko ashirwad beti. Purann aur Bhagvat purann ved virudh hai.