Sudhir Tyagi: Most respectfully, I will like to share some of the questions that I have on Geeta. Even after a lot of deep thinking, I am not able to reach on a conclusion. If you can shed some light on it, I will be very grateful.
1. When both armies are ready to face each other in war is an elaborate preach by Krishna possible? Is it possible that the creator of Geeta is Krishnadopayan? (Vyas Muni)
2. In many places in Geeta, there is critisism of studying Vedas. Is Geeta against Vedas?
3. How much should be the importance of Geeta for an Arya Samaji?

Sudhir Tyagi: Most respectfully, I will like to share some of the questions that I have on Geeta. Even after a lot of deep thinking, I am not able to reach on a conclusion. If you can shed some light on it, I will be very grateful.
1. When both armies are ready to face each other in war is an elaborate preach by Krishna possible? Is it possible that the creator of Geeta is Krishnadopayan? (Vyas Muni)
2. In many places in Geeta, there is critisism of studying Vedas. Is Geeta against Vedas?
3. How much should be the importance of Geeta for an Arya Samaji?
Swami Ram Swarup: First of all, I would like to advise you please to study-Bhagwad Geeta – Ek Vedic Rahasya (in Hindi) written by me.(Comments on 1st six chapters only). Other chapters are being written.

Book contains 739 pages. Price Rs. 400/- but will be sent to you on half rate and even free of cost if you desire on receipt of your postal address, so all your answers are in the Bhagwad Geeta.

(i) Yes, it is not possible to preach the 18 chapters of Bhagwad Geeta, when both armies are established before each other and ready for war. So, Bhagwad Geeta has been written before commencement of war.

Yes, writer of Mahabharat epic is Vyas muni and Bhagwad Geeta is an extract of Bheeshma Parv of Mahabharat epic. The extract of Bheeshma parv has been printed separately and somebody had given its name as Bhagwad Geeta.

(ii) No, please. Geeta is not against Vedas instead Geeta is a Vedic preach and its name has been given Bhagwad Geeta. Those who do not know anything about eternal knowledge of Vedas which emanates direct from God, they can tell what they want to at their own discretion.

(iii) Importance of Almighty God and knowledge of Vedas which emanates direct from Almighty God will ever remain. In the absence of Vedas, there is no importance of anything. You see, you chant a mantra “ Yein Dau Rugra Prithvi Cha Drida” and there are several similar mantras in Vedas stating that Almighty God has held the earth, moon, sun , i.e., every matter of the universe and thus He is omnipresent. Suppose, He leaves any matter like earth naturally then the earth shall be destroyed i.e., will remain no more. So, like God and the knowledge given by God in the shape of Vedas, remains in every holy book. Naturally the knowledge of Vedas is in Bhagwad Geeta as well but really to some extent, not fully. Bhagwad Geeta has been written by a learned of Vedas and learned of Ashtang Yoga Philosophy i.e., Vyas muniji. So before studying Bhagwad Geeta, one should like Vyas muniji, learn Vedas first.

K Guruprasad: Pranam Maharajji, With your blessings, every one is fine. Just one question, can we put aahutis with the ved mantras what is printed in the calender, printed for the month, there by every month, we add one new mantra to our daily Havan at home?
Swami Ram Swarup: My blessings to you, my son. Your idea is appreciated. The aahuti can sure be offered as you stated. It is a basic principle that aahuti of any Ved mantra can be offered.

Dr. Harish Arya: How can we use the brahmi for memory?
Swami Ram Swarup: Brahmi, char magaz , five almonds which are soaked for night and then blanched (remove their skin) . Must be ground together, duly converted into paste then little water is added and it is grounded more. Then the whole mixture be added in a glass of water mixed with mishri or sugar and taken.

Varun: Pradam Swamiji, if Vedas are monolithic, then what about sholkas in Vedas that glorify indra, agani and other gods?
Swami Ram Swarup: My blessings to you. The meanings of Indra, Agni, Vayu are understood with different senses. Somewhere, the meaning of agni, according to situation of mantra, is God and somewhere Yogi, Rishi and yet in other places – corporal fire. It depends on the idea of mantra etc. so, is the case of Indra etc. so, at any cost, the Almighty God, who is formless, creates ,nurses and destroys the universe , will remain one and unchangeable. But His names based on divine qualities are several.

I also paste one of my articles in this regard.

God is formless
Being formless there is no need of statue or temple of God according to Vedas. As a matter of fact, you, I or every human being, lives in a body. Body is separate, we are called souls. Vedas say soul has no form even. Then also we know each other. For example even if you have not seen the photograph of King Akbar then, you can know Akbar by means of the study of his qualities. So is the case with the God. If an aspirant really goes to his Guru and listens Vedas like Shri Ram, and ancient kings and their public then he will be able to know hundred percent about formless God. Then comes realization for which Vedas (especially Samveda) says that he who performs Yajna, does jaap (according to Vedas) and practises Ashtang Yoga Philosophy while remaining in family like Shri Ram etc., he sure realizes ,being eternal law.

If we will meditate concentrating outside our body which is also against Vedas/Ashtang Yoga Philosophy, then our attention will always naturally remain outside i.e., attached with outer world i.e., decoration/music/dances etc. In that case subject matter of God will be over. It will be converted into spending fun, doing dances and singing attractive songs by ladies and gents, which is totally against Vedas. Thus the chapter of praising God, True Acharya, Rishi-Munis, performing Yajyen, practice of Ashtang Yoga, eternal knowledge of Vedas etc., will be over.

It is also baseless to say that study of Vedas and practice of yoga philosophy is difficult. It is self made story because Vedas are also called Shruti i.e., Vedas are to be listened first and not to be studied. So to listen to the Vedas, a learned Acharya is needed. The Acharya will explain the Ved mantras in the Yajna in your own language i.e., in English or Urdu etc., and for an aspirant to do asan, pranayaam, meditation etc., is also not difficult. It is all difficult for those human beings, including present false prophets, (who are against the Vedas), who are lazy, can’t awake early in the morning to listen Vedas and fail to do practice of yoga philosophy. Those people are always after money, materialistic articles and pomp and show etc.

Vedas are not written or spoken by God. This knowledge is emanated from God and is originated in the heart of four Rishis as stated above. God is Almighty i.e., He has all powers. So He needs no assistance to do universal deeds. In human body alive soul resides and soul is dependent, soul requires mouth to speak, eye to see, hand to write etc., etc. but not God. From His power God originates the knowledge of Vedas in the rishis without writing, or speaking etc. Vedas’ knowledge is divine. The fundamental of the Vedas is this that it was not written or spoken. The knowledge by the power of God was originated about one Arab 96 crore, 8 lakh and 53 000 years ago. Then first time the four rishis of unsexual creation started pronunciation of the mantras by the power of God. God wanted them to know word meanings and senses of the mantras and therefore the rishis knew all. Then first time the four rishis started pronunciation of the mantras. They taught the
mantras to other ignorant people. Then another rishis were produced who knew the Vedas by heart by listening only. There was no paper, ink or pen there. The Vedas were being learnt by mouth to mouth and traditionally this process is yet in force. But mostly not by heart but taking help of the printed book. So printed books are not called Vedas but these are called samhita.

Samhita means the collection of Ved mantras. Therefore Present printed books cannot be considered as Vedas and will never be in future, but samhita. Kapil Muni throws light on this point in his Sankhya Shastra 5/48 that when a rishi does tapsya in the shape of Yajyen, study of Vedas, practice of Ashtang Yoga then the Ved mantras still (now also) originate in heart of the Rishi and the rishi pronounces the mantras. Those mantras are called Vedas, which emanate from God. So Vedas must first be listened (study) from alive Acharya (Guru who knows Vedas). Then only Samhita (books of Vedas) can help.

Names of God

In the Vedas there is only one God but has so many names according to his qualities. For example His name is OM which means the God is the saviour of all. His name is SURYA (sun) i.e., sun has light but sun takes light from God because God has the supreme and Divine light of His own. His name is Chandrma (moon). Moon gives peace, calm, cold and charming light so the name of God is also Chandrma (moon) because God gives peace, calm etc., to those who worship etc., etc. we all people do not worship thirty three Goddesses as briefed above. Shiva means Kalyan i.e., happiness, welfare, good fortune and benediction etc., i.e., He who does welfare to human beings, He is Shiva and He is only one Almighty God said above. Vishnu means He who is everywhere and He is only one Almighty God.

Rig-Veda mantra 1/164/46 says,” EKAM SADRUPA VIPRAH BAHUDHA VADANTI,” i.e., EKAM SATAM means truth is one i.e., God is one but VIPRAH = Rishis, Munis who were/are learned of Vedas, BAHUDHA VADANTI utter so many names of God mentioned in Vedas like AGNIM YAMAM MATRISHVANAM AAHUHU meaning-the name of God are Agni, Yam, Matrishva and AAHUHU means “says”. In Yajurveda mantra 32/1 the names of God stated are AGNI, ADITYA, VAAYU, CHANDRMA, SHUKRAM, BRAHM, AAPAH, and PRAJAPATIHI ETC, ETC, ETC. I would explain the meaning of above all the names of God in brief due to shortage of time and space.

AGNI= agrini i.e., at the top or who comes first or who was before the creation and according to the said qualities, here the meaning of Agni pertains to God i.e., God is eternal and therefore exists always before the creation etc. that is why Rigveda mantra 1/1/1 says AGNIM Eedey – in the said mantra the meaning of Agni is God according to the qualities and situation. Meaning of Eedey means desire. Therefore the meaning of Agnim Eedey is , “I am desirous of God. Similarly YAM means controller of universe, Matrishva means air i.e., like the air God gives life to human beings. Aditya means which can not be broken into pieces, Chandrma means like moon God gives calm/peace, Shukram means Almighty, Braham means the superior/the biggest/the greatest etc., in the universe, Aapah means omnipresent, Prajapatihi means one who nurses the universe. So all the said meanings have the qualities of God and hence the name of God in the
Vedas, but these are always uttered by Rishis Munis, who are learned of Vedas, as mentioned in Rig-Veda mantra quoted above. Therefore only Rishis Munis who are learned of Vedas, utter or tell the holy name of God mentioned in Vedas and those who do not know Vedas can never utter the above holy names of God. But the said holy names, on the other hand, are even of surprising nature to them.

One thing more, the holy names of God in the Vedas are according to the nature, knowledge and deeds (God creates, nurses, destroys and controls the universe etc.) of Almighty God. Therefore those names are eternal and countless. So I am not able to mention here infinite names of Almighty God being beyond imagination, beyond calculation and beyond description etc., and we have to worship the said Almighty God whose description is in four Vedas, whose study has mostly been made stopped by the present saints who were against the Vedas and speak only charming stories etc., and never tells about Vedas. Whereas the description of Vedas is in Geeta, Ramayana,
six shastras, Upnishads and all ancient holy books. The reason why the present (most of them) saints do not quote Vedas is that they do not study the Vedas, do not do Yajyen and do not obey Ashtang Yoga Philosophy mentioned in Vedas which was too adopted by Shri Ram, Shri Krishna, Mata Sita, King Harishchandra, king Dashrath and their subjects/ public etc. Therefore we must be aware of false prophets.

Hitendra: Namaste swamiji aasha hai aapka swasthya achcha hoga …… mukti ka varnan kis Ved ke kis adhdhyay me aata hai? mujhe swami ji ne satyarth prakash me 36000 bar shrasti
ke pralaya aur utpatti ko kis Ved ke aadhar par kaha hai?
Swami Ram Swarup: My blessings to you. Mukti ka varnan charon Vedon mein hai. Udaharnnath-Rigveda mantra 1/147/1 ka bhaav hai ki jab koi Rishi/muni /Yogi mukti ki ichcha karne wale jigyasu shishya/shishyaa ko ved vidya ka daan karta hai aur weh jigyasu us vidya ke abhyaas se indriyon par vijay pa leita hai aur Prakriti ke teen gunn-Raj, tam ,satva se utpan antahakaran main utpan kaam, krodh, mad, lobh aadi vikaron ko nashta karke antahakaran ko shudh kar letta hai tab weh Samveda mein varnit us nirakar sarvashaktimaan, sarvavyapak , srishti ko rachne, palne wale aur nashta karne wale Ishwar ko Dharammegh Samadhi mein anubhav karke moksha pa leita hai. Phir usey Ishwar ke prati koi sanshay nahin rehta. Atah moksha pane ke leye guru se charon vedon ka adhyayein, vedon mein kahi ashtang yog vidya ki sadhna, yajya aadi ki sadhna aavashyak hai. Moksh kewwal ek ved, ek-do adhyaye ya, 1,2-10 mantron ka vishay nahin hai.

Swami Dayaynand Saraswati ji nein charon Vedon ke adhar par hi kaha hai.