Aneel Kumar: Swami Ji, could you give me the meaning (and explanation) of 10th Shaloka of 1st chapter of Srimad Bhagavad Gita?
Swami Ram Swarup: “APARYAAPTUM TADASMAAKUM BALUM
BHEESHMAABHIRAKSHITUM, PARYAAPTUM TVIDMETESHAM BALUM BHEEMABHIRAKSHITUM.”
(GEETA SHLOKA 1/10)
(BHEESHAMAABHIRAKSHITUM) protected by Bheesham (TAT) that (ASMAAKUM) our (BALAM) army (APARYAAPTUM) is not capable, (IDAM) this (TU) definitely (BHEEMABHIRAKSHITUM) protected by Bheem (BALUM) army (ETESHAM) their (PARYAAPTUM) capable.
Meaning- The power and strength of our army protected by Bheesham is not enough and is insufficient. However, power of the army of Pandavas is sufficient (quite enough). Their commander being great, brave Bheema.
Idea- The shloka carries two words-
Aparyaapt and Paryaapt. The meaning respectively is insufficient/less/limited etc., and enormous/excessive/immense etc. Apareemit- enormous, excessive, immense. Pareemit- temperate, moderate, limited.
Kauravas made several serious attempts to murder Pandavas. One was building a house made of ‘Lac’, which is highly inflammable material with a plan to set it on fire with Pandavas and Kunti later. This was a cowardly act on the part of Kauravas.
In Mahabharat, Sabha Parv, after sending Pandavas to exile, Sanjay asked Dhritrashtra as to why was he sad then. Dhritrashtra answered, “Oh Sanjay! Those who have made enemies with brave Pandavas cannot help from being plunged in sorrow.” Hence, word “APARYAAPT” means incapable or insufficient and “PARYAAPT” means capable or sufficient.
Underlying meaning is that his father Dhritrashtra, Duryodhan too considered the strength and power of Pandavas for more than that possessed by him. It is evident from the fact that he resorted to hypocrited deceptive means like setting the house made of lac (where Pandavas along with their mother Kunti were sent to live) on fire and sending Pandavas to exile by defeating them through cheating in gambling. He did not have guts to proclaim war lawfully on Pandavas with the help of Bheeshma Pitamah.
When his deceptive and hypocritic plans did not succeed then he proclaimed war on Pandavas, depending on the strength of other brave warriors like Bheesham, Dronn, Karnna and Kripacharya etc.
It may be noted that at present too, number of Duryodhans have taken birth who control the world of crime, keeping themselves underground. Such culprits are in the country as well as abroad.
Atharvaveda mantra 3/1/2 states even if king commands small troop of army yet it should have the potential to create devastation in the army of enemies and should strategize to annihilate the enemies. (For definition of Dharam see in shloka 1/1).
Vedic principle formula “Yato Dharmaha tato Jayaha” is true i.e., where there is truth (Dharam), there is victory. Duryodhan knew all these facts. Hence, he knew that on one side the Pandavas would fight unitedly with full concentration. On the contrary, religious minded Bheesham, Dronn, Kripacharya and many other brave warriors would bodily support Duryodhan but whole heartedly and with soul, they would favour pandavas/be on Pandavas side.
Hence Duryodhan is kind of afraid. This is the main reason that despite possessing bigger army than Pandavas and more brave warriors like Bheesham etc., as compared to those on the side of Pandavas, Duryodhan considers his army to have less power/strength as compared to that of Pandavas. In Sanskrit language paryaapt means capable/enough/sufficient and Aparyaapt means incapable/not enough/less. This is appropriate meaning.
Shashi: swami ji mujhe batayen jab aatma amar hai to jab mrityu aaye to kya hum apne shareer ki aankhen daan de to kya koi harz hai , aatma to hamare pious deeds per aur kahin janam le legee hai na samjhaiye thanx.
Swami Ram Swarup: Ankhein daan deine mein koi harz nahin hoga- upkaar hi hoga. Hum swayam atma hain, hum atma ko parmeshwar ne manushya ka sharer diya hai. Atma alag hai aur sharer alag hai. Shareer chchootne ke baad jab atma achchey burey karmon ke anusaar manushya athwa pashu-pakshi ke sharer mein jayegi to parmeshwar atma ko vaisa hi sharer dey deiga.
Bipin: Pranam, Swamiji. I request to please guide for below queries.
(1) It is stated that after death our soul goes to Sun, moon, air, electricity etc. Is there any specific reason or purpose for this? Though soul is pure and minute but doesn’t it get affected by atmosphere or heat of Sun while going there? In your answers 12 things are mentioned at which soul goes after death before taking re-birth on 13 th day. So whether reasons for going at each of these 12 places are stated separately in Vedas? Please guide.
(2) After death if soul gets human body then either it is male or female. But as per Vedas, is there any specific karmas of previous births which differentiates this. I mean which karmas leads to birth as male and which as female as per Vedas. Please guide.
Swami Ram Swarup: My blessings to you.
1. When atma goes out of the body, then automatically under the control of Almighty God, it goes to sun, moon electricity etc. The said process is natural i.e., automatic, eternal and everlasting. As also sated in Bhagwad Geeta shloka 2/23 that soul cannot be burnt by agni, wetted by water etc. So, environment or atmosphere does not have its effect on soul. The process of wandering to sun, moon etc., being eternal and everlasting has no reason.
2. Vedas never make difference between a female and male. Fundamentally, the soul is considered in masculine gender. God, in the beginning of every creation creates pair of male and female, which will remain forever. So, to think that to get son or daughter is the result of karmas does not look nice. Yet, healthy man has more chances to get male baby. Secondly, those who have spent his/her period of young life maintaining full Brahamcharya and have studied Vedas, they have some chances to get male/female baby at their own desire.