M P: Pranam Swamiji, My uncle is forcefully living in our house which is on my mother’s name. We are asking them to vacant the house but they are not ready for it. Is there any pooja or mantra, which can be done to resolve this problem. I will be highly thankful if you send the resolution for this problem on my E mail Id as early as possible ,as my family is going through a very bad phase due to my uncle and their family.
Swami Ram Swarup: In this connection, pooja, mantra etc., will do nothing my daughter. You are educated female. So you may take shelter of court of law, if you desire. However, you are also advised to do the following-
Hard working, devotion, dedication, honesty, services to the parents and elders to follow eternal religion mentioned in Vedas, practice of Ashtang Yoga, discharging moral duties to get progress in education, science simultaneously with spiritualism like, daily havan, to be in contact with the learned Acharya, to get his advice, are some of the pious deeds which make the future bright and obliterate the sorrows, problems, diseases, etc.
One must wake up early in the morning for early morning walk and exercises, must sit on meditation and chant holy name of God, must be away from any addiction and non-vegetarian. Such pious actions lead to long, happy life and bright future.
The Gayatri mantra is as follows —
OM BHURBHUVAHA SWAHA TATA SAVITUR VARENYAM BHARGODEVASYA
DHIMAHI DHIYO YO NAHA PRACHODYAT
Meaning of Gayatri mantra stating each word is as follows. Its meaning is based on
Vedas and Sanskrit grammar. Grammatical hints are in short please.
Om has three Hindi words. Aa, Uu AND Ma. Aa is meant for Aakaar from which three
names of God are built, Viraat, Agni, and Vishwadi. From Uu = uukar from which
Hirannyagarbha, Vayu and Tejas names occur and Ma = makaar from which Ishwar,
Aditya and Praajyan aadi, holy names of God occur. Rigveda mantra 1/164/46 says
God is one but His names are several. But here OM the holy name of God is only
VIRAAT = Viraat word is made from dhatu ‘Rajrideeptau’ i.e., manifest. Therefore
Viraat means He who manifests the universe. As God manifests the universe, thus
Viraat is the name of God. Rigveda mandal 10, sukta 129 states that like potter
makes pot from clay, similarly God creates universe from non-alive matter prakriti.
Prakriti is unseen matter. From unseen matter, the whole universe is created in the
visible form. Science also says that matter is never destroyed but changes its form.
Suppose a paper is burnt, paper changes its form into ashes. Then ashes are crushed
and thrown in air. At this moment, the paper changed into ashes becomes invisible
but was never destroyed. Similarly the whole universe at the time of final destruction
is turned into prakriti i.e., into unseen form.
AGNI = From dhatu, “ANCHU GATI POOJANAYOHO” the word “AGNI is made. Its
meaning is: He who is a form of wisdom. “SARVAJAYEN” i.e., Omniscient. That is,
knows each and every atom of universe and even beyond universe. He who is to be
known, to be gained and is worshipful. So Agni is the name of God.
VISHWA = Vishwa word is made from dhatu, “VISHPRAVESHANE”. Its meaning is He
in whom the universe is entering or He who is entering the universe. So being
omnipresent, Vishwa is the name of God.
HIRANNYAGARBHA = i.e., ” JYOTIRVAYIHIRANYAM”. Its meaning is, who is the base
of all sun, etc., luminous lokas or He who is the living place of all luminous lokas.
VAYU = from dhatu, “VA GATIGANDHANYOHO”, vayu word is made. Its meaning is
He who holds, gives life and destroys and is the mightiest amongst all. So the name
of God is Vayu.
TEJ = from dhatu, “TIJA NISHANE”, the word Tej is made meaning He who is self
made and self-enlightened and gives light to sun, moon, stars etc. God does not take
light from anywhere but gives light to sun, moon, stars, etc. so the unbroken,
unobstructed/unproduced and eternal form of light is Almighty God and not sun,
moon etc. So the name of God is Tej.
ISHWAR = from dhatu, “ISH ASHWERIYE”, the word Ishwar is made. Its meaning is
whose knowledge is thoughtful and true and He who has unlimited wealth, fortune
and glory etc. Therefore the name of God is Ishwar. Here it is not out of place to
mention that soul (man/woman) has limited qualities and are dependent whereas
God is independent and has unlimited qualities that is why He is God.
ADITYA = from dhatu, “DO AVAKHANDANE”, Aditya word is made. Its meaning is the
one who cannot be broken into pieces and thus cannot be destroyed. So God’s name
PRAJAYEN (PRAGYA) = from dhatu, “JYEN AVABODHANE”, Prajayen word is made
meaning whose wisdom is totally without any misunderstanding and thus he who
knows every matter and behavior of whole universe without misunderstanding. So
God’s name is Prajayen. So here also it is not out of place to mention that illusion
can never attack on God and God is totally free from illusion.
BHUHU = “BHUHU ITI VAYEE PRANAHA” i.e., He who is the base of lives of universe,
is most beloved, even more than Prann i.e., breath. So Bhuhu is the name of God.
BHUVAHA= “BHUVAHA ITI APANAHA” i.e., He who is totally free from any sorrow,
and the soul removes his own all sorrows after coming in contact with Him. So the
name of God is Bhuvaha.
SWAHA = i.e., “SWAHA ITI VYANAHE” who is omnipresent in the universe and is
holding the same. So the name of God is Swaha.
SAVITUHU = He who creates the universe. So the name of God is Savituhu.
DEVSYA= who gives all pleasure/merriment, so the name of God is Dev.
VARENNYAM = He who is the most supreme and acceptable. God is most supreme
and acceptable for worship.
BHARGAHA = the purest entity (though God is formless, but finding no suitable
English word of Sanskrit word, “SHUDH SWARUPAM” the word entity has been used.)
TAT = i.e., the God i.e., of the purest entity.
DHIMAHI = i.e., we must hold (sort of meditation) because
YAHA = the God
NAHA = our,
DHIYAHA = mind(i.e., in our minds)
PRACHODYAT = by inspiration (fulfil the mind with wisdom)
“We meditate the God who is the base of lives’ of universe, totally free from any sorrow, omnipresent, creates the universe, gives all pleasure/merriment, most supreme and acceptable, purest entity; May the God enlighten our minds with wisdom by His inspiration”.
Here it is not out of place to mention that idea of a (one) Ved mantra is based on ideas of several Ved mantras. So in the above Gayatri mantra, there are three things —-
Bhuhu, Bhuvaha, Swaha, Savituhu, Bhargaha, Devsya are some qualities amongst unlimited qualities of God. These are called Stuti i.e., to say about God with His real qualities and not self made etc.
Secondly Dhimahi means meditation i.e., one should always sit in meditation and do hard and pious deeds for which he will have to study Vedas in full, while discharging moral duties towards family and nation.
Third and last is DHIYO YO NAHA PRACHODYAT. It is a prayer to God explanation of which is cited above.
HOW TO DO HAVAN
Please sit in the morning to perform havan. Havan must be in sunlight then it is more beneficial. Then half a bowl of fresh water with a tablespoon must be with you with small twigs especially of mango tree if possible, havan samagri, ghee, camphor and match box must be there with you. Please sit on sukh asan on four times folded blanket and blanket must be on mat.
Sukh asan i.e., sit on duly folded feet in comfortable position. Then first close your eyes and concentrate between two eyebrows and chant Gayatri mantra three times within heart and not by mouth. Then open your eyes.
Take one spoon of water in right palm. Chant this mantra, OM AMRITO UPASTRANMASI SWAHA and drink the water which you have put in your palm. Then again take the spoon of water in right palm then chant the next mantra, OM AMRITA APIDHANMASI SWAHA, and drink the water. Then again take the water in right palm and chant the mantra, OM SATYAM YASHAH SHRI MAYI SHRI SHRAYTAAM SWAHA, and drink the water. Then wash the right palm while sitting, with the same water kept in bowl.
Then put the twigs into havan kund with one piece of camphor and burn it. During this process chant the Gayatri mantra again and again till such time the fire is lighted sufficiently. Then chant the Gayatri mantra and at the last add the word Swaha and offer ghee with tablespoon, quantity equivalent to 4 to 5 drops. And if you are alone then also offer in fire pinch of havan samagri from your right hand’s finger and thumb avoiding forefinger. So this offering may be of 11 times, 21 times or 51 times as the time suits. It is the simplest way and I have not quoted the complete method of Yajna. The havan with Ved mantras are always offered as the best worship of God only please. Do havan daily and both times.
Procedure of Chanting
Please, start the day by chanting Gayatri mantra in the early morning sitting on suitable asan like Sukhasan, Siddhasan or Padmasan etc. concentrate on the point between two eyebrows which is called “Agyachakra”. The Gayatri mantra should be chanted along with its meaning both times. Also, please try to perform daily hawan even with Gayatri mantra. Then try to study any of my books daily and put up question if any. After 15 days chant the Gayatri mantra only thrice thereafter do the name jaap of Almighty God-“Om”. The jaap must be done daily by heart and not orally.
Ganesh: What’s my rashi?
Swami Ram Swarup: Aapkee Rashi Makar hai.
Vishnu: Swamiji, Namasthe! Someone told me about animal slaughter in vedas and during yajnas. I found that According to Yaaska Acharya, one of the synonyms of Yajna in Nirukta or the Vedic philology is Adhvara.Dhvara means an act with himsa or violence. And therefore a-dhvara means an act involving no himsa or no violence. When I replied this to him, he said the following:
This argument is incorrect because the word ‘Adhvar’ has been misplaced and interpreted incompletely. Yaska is merely giving the etymology of the word ‘Adhvar’ and not where it is to be applied and what constitutes violence. To know the true application of the word ‘Adhvar’ we will have to turn to Shatapath Brahman, which gives the complete understanding of why ‘Yajna’ is called ‘Adhvar’.
“For once when the gods were engaged in sacrificing, their rivals, the Asuras, wished to injure (dhvar) them; but, though desirous of injuring them, they were unable to injure them and were foiled: for this reason the sacrifice is called adhvara (‘not damaged, uninterrupted’).”
Thus the argument of the polemicist turns out to be a deception aimed at fooling those who have no access to the original texts. The passage of Shatapath Brahman makes it clear that ‘Adhvar’ is called so because the priests performing the Yajna did not become victims of violence. It has no connection to the violence of the animals done in the Yajna.
Renowned classical commentator of the four Vedas, Sayana Acharya, also gives the same reason for calling Yajna as ‘Adhvar’. He says in his comments on Rigveda 1/1/4, “Adhvar is called ‘without violence’ because being protected by Agni on all sides it is uninterrupted by Rakshashas or violent enemies, who are unable to mar it.”Again we see that Acharya Sayan expresses the same view as that of the Shatapath Brahman i.e the violence referred in the ‘adhvar’ is not for the sacrificial animal in the Yajna.
HE HAS ALSO CITED SOME VERSES FROM VEDAS AND OTHER BOOKS TO PROVE THE BEEF EATING AND ANIMAL SLAUGTERING WERE INDEED ENCOURAGED BY VEDAS ITSELF.
SWAMIJI PLEASE HELP ME !
Swami Ram Swarup: Namasteji. No, please. Vedas never tell to kill any animal or any living being either in Yajyen or otherwise. You are advised to read my book- Protect the holy Cow-Say Vedas (in English) worth Rs.40/-, excluding postal charges, in which you will get immense knowledge about ved mantras wherein such slaughters are strictly prohibited. Adhvara means the Yajyen which is performed without violence.
Adhvara word has not been first used either by Yaskacharya or any ancient or present Rishi-Muni of the world. The said word is eternal and exists in all four Vedas. So, its eternal/true meaning comes from the Vedas and thereafter by other Rishis like Yaskacharya, Yagvalkya etc. All Rishis are mantradrishta, so their meaning concerning Ved mantras is always undoubtedly true.
The meaning of Adhvare=Aa+Dhwar. Aa means not, dhwar means where the animal is killed. So, adhwar means where animal is not killed. So, main meaning of Adhwar is Yaj i.e., the Yaj where violence is prohibited. In this connection, Samveda mantra 151 also refers.
Rigveda mantra 10/110/2 states that (ADHWARAM) the yaj without violence (DEVTRA) within dev i.e., learned person (KRINUHI) deeds without violence within the learned personnel. Atharvaveda mantra 5/12/2, Rigveda mantra 10/78/7 & 3/8/8 refers.
Shatpath Brahmin granth 1/4/1/40 says, that once the learned were performing the yaj, the enemies tried their level best to destroy the Yaj but they could not destroy the yaj i.e., they were defeated. The meaning of Adhwar is Yaj i.e., yaj without violence (Shatpath Brahmin Granth 1/4/1/39 refers). So, Shatpath Brahmin Granth states that the enemies did not come to fight against the learned but came to destroy the Adhwar i.e., Yaj which they could not. Further the Granth states because the enemies were defeated i.e., could not destroy the Yaj, therefore the name of the Yaj became Adhwar. The meaning of Adhwar cannot be considered that priests performing the Yajna did not become victim of violence. Further it cannot also be accepted that the priest did not became victim of violence so it has no connection with the violence of animals.
Violence is violence, so either animal’s or man’s violence or any living being’s violence in the yajna is totally and strictly prohibited in Vedas.
The comments of Sayanacharya on Vedas are never accepted by Swami Dayanad Saraswatiji and other learned acharya being against the Vedas.
The meaning of Rigveda mantra 1/1/4 done by Swami Dayanand Saraswatiji is as under. This meaning is authentic.
(AGNE) Oh God! You are (VISHWATAH) everywhere i.e., you are omnipresent. So, being omnipresent (YAM) that (ADHWARSAM) non-violent (YAJAM) Yaj i.e., the matter of donation pertaining to knowledge etc., (PARIBHUHU) nurses by all means.
Meaning- Oh God! You are omnipresent. So, you are seeing every atom of the universe. Therefore, the non-violent yaj pertaining to knowledge and matters of donation which you nurse by all means.
(SAH IT) The said Yajyen (DEVESHU) within the learned persons (GACHHATI) spreads and gives pleasure.
The second meaning of the above mantra is as under-
(AGNE) The worldly fire (VISHWATAH) duly separated from several faults of the matters (YAM) which (ADHWARAM) duly separated with the faults of destruction etc. (YAJAM) the yajyen pertaining to technology/engineering (PARIBHUHU) does full perfection (SAH IT) the said Yajyen (DEVESHU) within the good matters (GACHHATI) spreads and give benefit.
Idea- The mantra has shalesh alankar. Because the omnipresent Almighty God protects the above quoted Yaj continuously that is why the Yaj becomes beneficial with several good qualities to the people. That is why, the God has created the worldly fire containing divine qualities so that it can generates the best engineering education etc.
Note- Here, it is stated that Rigveda mostly speaks on worldly matter. Secondly, Shatpath Brahmin Granth or Yaskacharya were totally against the violence in Yaj. So, they can never accept the same. Some person has commented on their Granths, so their comments being against the Vedas are not accepted by learned of Vedas.