Rahul: What is meant by dasham dwar according to Vedas?
Swami Ram Swarup: Atharvaveda mantra 10/8/43 tells about nine dwar but by the present sant mat, 10th dwar is also told which is between two eyebrows(Agyachakra).
Vijay: Respected Swamiji, Parnaam. What is right–excess of positives or of negatives or of balance of positives & negatives? Can we consider devas as positives, rakshasa as negatives & GOD is balance of these? As such, will moving towards balance will be “punya” whereas towards imbalance on either deva or rakshas side will be “paap”? Regards.
Swami Ram Swarup: My blessings to you.
Yajurveda mantra 40/3 states to us about three yonis. When, a person takes birth, it is his ordinary human being yoni (manushya yoni).
When he grows up and makes contact with learned acharya, gets worldly education as well as Vedic education (spiritualism) thn he becomes a learned and his birth is stated to be in Dev Yoni i.e., of learned dignitary. But, when he grows up and makes contact with bad society i.e., against the Vedic culture etc., then his birth is stated to be in devil yoni (rakshasa) so, in your words, it may stated that Dev yoni is a positive yoni and asur yoni is a negative yoni. (In Vedas it is clarified that he who follows the Vedas/truth, he does pious deeds otherwise sins). As regards Formless, Almighty God, He being Omnipresent is the Supreme judge to classify into Dev or Asur yoni because God awards the result of our good or bad deeds in the shape of happiness and sorrows.
Vishal: Namaste Guruji, I have a query please clarify that someone have given a Shaloka of Shukla Yajurved and said Iswar is Sakar according to shaloka please go through shaloka:- Sri Purusha Suktam prathama anuvAkam Verse 1
sahasra SIrshA purusha: | sahasrAksha: sahasrapAt |
sa bhUmim vishvato vRtvA | atyatishTad daSAngulam || 1 ||
(sahasra) Thousands (SIrshA) of heads has (purusha:) the great being. (sahasra) Thousands of (aksha) eyes has he, (sahasra pAt) and thousands of legs. (sa) He (vRtvA) manifests (bhUmim) the world. (atyatishTat) He stands beyond (daSAngulam) the count of ten fingers. In the shloka as you can see it is said God had thousand of hand, legs, eyes etc. Please clarify my confusion on this.
Swami Ram Swarup: Namasteji.
Formless, Almighty God was One, is One and will ever remain One. God never takes birth. Therefore the interpretation of Purush Sukta mentioned in your question is 100% false, please. Those who lack knowledge of Sanskrit language and Vedas, they usually interpret the false unauthentic meaning of Vedas. The correct meaning of the mantra is as under:-
Yajurveda mantra 31/1 states that within God are placed uncountable heads, eyes, feet of all living beings i.e., God beholds everyone. So all the said organs, perceptions, mind, intellect etc., created by God, who is the master of the same. Symbolically, it can be stated here that God has innumerable heads, eyes etc. But in reality, God is formless who does not need assistance of any organ, perception, mind etc.
The detailed description is as under –
(SAHASTRASHEERSHA) In whom innumerable heads (SAHASTRAAKSHAHA) innumerable eyes (SAHASTRA PAAT) innumerable feet exist (PURUSHAHA) He is Almighty God whose glory is complete everywhere. (SAHA) He (SPRITVA) pervading (BHOOMIM) earth (SARVATAHA) from all places and (ATI) crossing over (DASHANGULAM) world made of five unseen subtlest [minutest] matters and five visible matters [in Hindi five suksham + five sthool bhoot] (ATISHTHAT) steadfast/exists [immovable].
In whom innumerable, heads innumerable eyes, innumerable feet exist He is Almighty God whose glory is complete everywhere. He pervading earth from all places and crossing over world made of five unseen subtlest [minutest] matters and five visible matters [in Hindi five suksham + five sthool bhoot] (ATISHTHAT) steadfast/exists [immovable].
Idea- In the above mantra, the meaning of dashangulam i.e., ten fingers is that the creation is made of prakriti as Rigveda mandal 10 sukta 129, other Veda mantras and Sankhya shastra sutra 1/26, say. The Prakriti is defined consisting of its three qualities i.e., Raj, tam and satva quality (gunnas in Hindi). The said Rigveda mantra, Sankhya shastra sutra 1/26 and Yajurveda mantra 31/3 state that after the completion of duration of final destruction of the universe, part of God’s power acts in non-alive prakriti with the result creation starts. The first invisible matter from Prakriti three qualities quoted above is called intellect (Buddhi) then the power of self-existence that I exist (ahankar), then panchtan mataranni i.e., five unseen subtlest (minutest) matter then five mahabhoot i.e, five visible matter i.e., akash (space), vayu (Air), Jal (water), Agni (fire) and prithvi (earth). The whole world is made of from said five mahabhoot. Actually, five tan mataranni i.e., five unseen subtlest (minutest) matter are the minutest part of five Mahabhoot i.e., Agni, vayu, jal, akash and prithivi. So, the idea of the above quoted Yajurveda mantra 31/1 is that though the God is omnipresent in universe but still He exists after crossing over the universe made of ten said matters.
That is why, the idea of the further Yajurveda mantra 31/2 and 3 is that the creation is eternal and in the past whatever created and in the future whatever will be created and at present the creation is being nursed is all by Almighty, omnipresent God and the said system is everlasting. The God is thus the Lord of non-alive prakriti from which He creates the universe. So, the mantra 3 throws light that the greatness/glory of the formless, omnipresent, Almighty God is this that the visible and invisible world exist within His one by fourth part of power. Actually, in truth the said world cannot even attain the one-fourth part of power by Almighty God. Mantra states that God is still greater than the universe. So, learned or aspirant who wish to prove existence of Almighty God, guess looking towards all over the creation and starts thinking that the universe within which our innumerable eyes, heads, feet and remaining universe like sun, moon etc., exist, are created only by Almighty God who is Formless, omnipresent, creates, nurses and destroys the universe because no other than the said God is empowered even a simple straw or a leaf of any plant. So, we have only to worship formless God who creates and nurses us and after the fixed time destroy the universe and again creates. Yajurveda mantra 27/36 also warns that equivalent to said God neither other God has taken birth in the past/present nor will take in the future. He is one and will remain always One, The lord of souls and Prakriti made universe. He is ever unchangeable and unchallengeable. He gives us knowledge of the Vedas only. The God is formless and has no any organs like eyes, heads, feet, mouth, body etc. but, therefore He is creator of our bodies of all living-beings. Therefore, He is the Lord of all heads, eyes, feet, bodies etc., and the said organs and remaining universe always exists/resides within God, also say Yajurveda mantra 40/6. the said mantra 40/6 states that those Rishi, Muni, Yogi, learned of Vedas follow the Vedic path and do hard practice of ashtang Yoga philosophy, then they get the result of practice of Yoga by realizing that every materialistic article of the universe along with we all living-beings, reside in Almighty God and in all materialistic articles of the world and living-beings resides God therein then for such Yogi there does not arise any kind of misunderstanding like avtarwad, form or formless God, creation etc., etc. So, the truth is attained after following Vedic path and getting result of practice of ashtang yoga philosophy, in the form of Samadhi i.e., realization of God. The misunderstandings are therefore arisen by those who has only bookish knowledge and too against the Vedas and do not follow Vedic path/practice of ashtang yoga philosophy as stated above.