Fatyma Ahmad: What is the right of the husband to his wife?
Swami Ram Swarup: Husband must be religious minded, hard-working and always away from laziness. He should earn sufficient to feed his family well. He has to take care of his family. He must never desire for other women in life. He must be away from quarrel and should have control over senses, anger, pride, greed etc. He should always speak sweetly. He should never hide anything from his wife. He should always respect his wife.
Shailja: When the soul first time took birth at that time it was not having any past karmas and they all were pure like God. My question is when there was not any past karmas then on what basis some souls got birth as animal/insects etc. and some got birth as human being. Or every souls first took birth as human being and later according to their karmas later they took birth of animals/creature. Hope my question is clear to you, please also correct my understanding if it is incorrect as stated in above lines.
Swami Ram Swarup: The next birth of soul is always based on his previous lives’ good and bad deeds. In this connection, I paste my article as under-
Three types of Deeds
There are three types of deeds (karmas) – sanchit, prarabhadh and kriyamann. Suppose one soul has to take birth (body). It means he has to face total number of deeds of his all previous lives and these deeds are called sanchit karmas but sanchit deeds are huge/unlimited and cannot be faced in one life. So the karmas which can be faced in one life are called prarabhadh (luck-destiny). So God has not made our luck at His own but Almighty God has considered the deeds which we have already done.
Yajurveda mantra 7/48 clarifies that human being is free to do any deed good or bad but God only awards the result. Now the balance deeds from sanchit deeds will be counted in the next life. Now the deeds which we do in our day today present life are called kriyamann.
If we do pious deeds according to Vedas, shastras and holy books and based on pious preaches of Rishi, Muni/learned saints then our all sanchit deeds are burnt and we can get salvation. Human beings are free in the matter of doing deeds good or bad. But result will be awarded by God. So we must worship and do pious deeds under guidance of a learned Guru. One should go always ahead for hard working, pious deeds, worship to make future bright himself. One should always work hard towards a right path.
Worship does not mean that we are free to discharge only our family duties, education, etc., but rather it is a sin. We have to get progress in both waysimultaneously i.e., spiritualism and worldly progress i.e., science, education, duties towards family etc. God creates the universe according to His eternal law framed in Vedas which are always unchangeable and unchallengeable. So we have to follow the law of God always to get long happy life.
Rebirth and different yonis
Idea of Yajurveda mantra 39/6 is that after leaving the human body, the soul goes to several matters in the space etc., and then according to good or bad deeds takes next birth. Yajurved mantra 39/7 states that those souls who do sins they take birth with violent nature like wolves, bear and those who give fear to others in human body, they take birth in body with dangerous nature like crocodiles, poisonous snakes, tigers, lions, wild boars etc., those who give fear to others, they will be of timid nature also like rabbits, deer etc. Those who give justice and make others fearless, they will take next birth in a fearless nature. Those who are indulged in illusion, they will take birth in a place where the atmosphere will be full of illusion (Yajurveda mantra 40/3 also refers).
Those who are learned Yogis but are not yet attained salvation, they will take next birth in a place where there will not be any illusion but divine enlightenment. Those who have not controlled their five senses, five perceptions and mind then in the next birth they will be of restless nature. But those who have controlled their senses etc., will be of calm, peaceful nature. Those who have followed eternal knowledge, they will also be of peaceful nature in the next birth.
Atharvaveda mantra 9/10/16 states that those who are not learned in this birth, they will get the birth as “sthavar” rooted plants etc., as birds and as animals etc., and those who are learned they take next birth as rishi-munis. So the soul based on his sins or pious deeds takes birth in upper class or lower class. The above said Atharvaveda mantra also states that the soul in the human body knows each and everything that is each outer matter of the world but due to involvement in illusion, soul does not know himself.
As Manusmriti states in shlok 1/43-46 the soul according to deeds takes birth as animal, non-violent deer etc., carnivores like tiger, leopards etc., devils, human beings. Ths said are of “jarayuj” type i.e., those who take birth from their skin i.e., tissue. Soul takes birth as “undaj” type i.e., those who hatch from eggs like birds, snakes, crocodiles, fish, tortoise, etc. Soul takes birth in “Swedaj” type i.e., those who take birth from sweat, humidity, moisture, for-example, lice, mosquitoes, flies, bed-bugs, etc.
Soul also takes birth in Udbhij i.e., who takes birth from within the earth like plants who emerge from seeds etc., and are stable at one place like trees etc. So there are four above quoted main origin (yonis) of which the total number comes as 84 lakhs.
Soul is immortal and everlasting which means soul never takes birth. Soul, after leaving dead body, goes into next womb of mother where he (soul) is provided with living body according to his deeds. So, there is no date of birth of soul. Soul is eternal, immortal, alive and everlasting matter.
Dave: Dear swamiji pranam and how are you? Swamiji can I just ask you how does one attain mukti according to vedas? And how did you yourself get mukti?
Swami Ram Swarup: My blessings to you. I am fine with the blessings of God and hope the same for you. To attain salvation (mukti) one has to listen to vedic knowledge, do daily Yajyen with ved mantras, do naam-jaap of God and do practice of Ashtang Yog under the guidance of learned acharya while discharging all moral duties towards family, nation and society.