Ajit: Namaste swamiji aur charan sparsha, presently I am chanting gayatri mantra at 4.30am to 5am (108 times). This i am doing through jaap mala. May I continue like this or is there any specific way mentioned in vedas? However I am feeling like, I am getting results here, sleeping hours has reduced to 5-6 hours daily from 8 hours, and mind is itself getting controlled on watching cricket, movies, listening songs, etc., almost stopped all these.
Swami Ram Swarup: My blessings to you.
I appreciate that you’ve stopped watching movies etc. I hope you do not mix with bad society also. However, try to do Gayatri jaap with its meaning of each word, it will give you better result. The best worship of God in Vedas has been told to perform daily Yajyen/hawan. So, please try to do hawan also with Gayatri mantra, both times. We must know the motto of human life that we have to attain salvation by doing vaidic worship and discharging all moral duties towards family, society, nation and all human beings. The meaning of Gayatri mantra exists on this website, I paste some of my articles below:-
Hard working, devotion, dedication, honesty, services to the parents and elders to follow eternal religion mentioned in Vedas, practice of Ashtang Yoga, discharging moral duties to get progress in education, science simultaneously with spiritualism like, daily havan, to be in contact with the learned Acharya, to get his advice, are some of the pious deeds which make the future bright and obliterate the sorrows, problems, diseases, etc.
One must wake up early in the morning for early morning walk and exercises, must sit on meditation and chant holy name of God, must be away from any addiction and non-vegetarian. Such pious actions lead to long, happy life and bright future.
The Gayatri mantra is as follows —
OM BHURBHUVAHA SWAHA TATA SAVITUR VARENYAM BHARGODEVASYA
DHIMAHI DHIYO YO NAHA PRACHODYAT
Meaning of Gayatri mantra stating each word is as follows. Its meaning is based on
Vedas and Sanskrit grammar. Grammatical hints are in short please.
Om has three Hindi words. Aa, Uu AND Ma. Aa is meant for Aakaar from which three
names of God are built, Viraat, Agni, and Vishwadi. From Uu = uukar from which
Hirannyagarbha, Vayu and Tejas names occur and Ma = makaar from which Ishwar,
Aditya and Praajyan aadi, holy names of God occur. Rigveda mantra 1/164/46 says
God is one but His names are several. But here OM the holy name of God is only
VIRAAT = Viraat word is made from dhatu ‘Rajrideeptau’ i.e., manifest. Therefore
Viraat means He who manifests the universe. As God manifests the universe, thus
Viraat is the name of God. Rigveda mandal 10, sukta 129 states that like potter
makes pot from clay, similarly God creates universe from non-alive matter prakriti.
Prakriti is unseen matter. From unseen matter, the whole universe is created in the
visible form. Science also says that matter is never destroyed but changes its form.
Suppose a paper is burnt, paper changes its form into ashes. Then ashes are crushed
and thrown in air. At this moment, the paper changed into ashes becomes invisible
but was never destroyed. Similarly the whole universe at the time of final destruction
is turned into prakriti i.e., into unseen form.
AGNI = From dhatu, “ANCHU GATI POOJANAYOHO” the word “AGNI is made. Its
meaning is: He who is a form of wisdom. “SARVAJAYEN” i.e., Omniscient. That is,
knows each and every atom of universe and even beyond universe. He who is to be
known, to be gained and is worshipful. So Agni is the name of God.
VISHWA = Vishwa word is made from dhatu, “VISHPRAVESHANE”. Its meaning is He
in whom the universe is entering or He who is entering the universe. So being
omnipresent, Vishwa is the name of God.
HIRANNYAGARBHA = i.e., ” JYOTIRVAYIHIRANYAM”. Its meaning is, who is the base
of all sun, etc., luminous lokas or He who is the living place of all luminous lokas.
VAYU = from dhatu, “VA GATIGANDHANYOHO”, vayu word is made. Its meaning is
He who holds, gives life and destroys and is the mightiest amongst all. So the name
of God is Vayu.
TEJ = from dhatu, “TIJA NISHANE”, the word Tej is made meaning He who is self
made and self-enlightened and gives light to sun, moon, stars etc. God does not take
light from anywhere but gives light to sun, moon, stars, etc. so the unbroken,
unobstructed/unproduced and eternal form of light is Almighty God and not sun,
moon etc. So the name of God is Tej.
ISHWAR = from dhatu, “ISH ASHWERIYE”, the word Ishwar is made. Its meaning is
whose knowledge is thoughtful and true and He who has unlimited wealth, fortune
and glory etc. Therefore the name of God is Ishwar. Here it is not out of place to
mention that soul (man/woman) has limited qualities and are dependent whereas
God is independent and has unlimited qualities that is why He is God.
ADITYA = from dhatu, “DO AVAKHANDANE”, Aditya word is made. Its meaning is the
one who cannot be broken into pieces and thus cannot be destroyed. So God’s name
PRAJAYEN (PRAGYA) = from dhatu, “JYEN AVABODHANE”, Prajayen word is made
meaning whose wisdom is totally without any misunderstanding and thus he who
knows every matter and behavior of whole universe without misunderstanding. So
God’s name is Prajayen. So here also it is not out of place to mention that illusion
can never attack on God and God is totally free from illusion.
BHUHU = “BHUHU ITI VAYEE PRANAHA” i.e., He who is the base of lives of universe,
is most beloved, even more than Prann i.e., breath. So Bhuhu is the name of God.
BHUVAHA= “BHUVAHA ITI APANAHA” i.e., He who is totally free from any sorrow,
and the soul removes his own all sorrows after coming in contact with Him. So the
name of God is Bhuvaha.
SWAHA = i.e., “SWAHA ITI VYANAHE” who is omnipresent in the universe and is
holding the same. So the name of God is Swaha.
SAVITUHU = He who creates the universe. So the name of God is Savituhu.
DEVSYA= who gives all pleasure/merriment, so the name of God is Dev.
VARENNYAM = He who is the most supreme and acceptable. God is most supreme
and acceptable for worship.
BHARGAHA = the purest entity (though God is formless, but finding no suitable
English word of Sanskrit word, “SHUDH SWARUPAM” the word entity has been used.)
TAT = i.e., the God i.e., of the purest entity.
DHIMAHI = i.e., we must hold (sort of meditation) because
YAHA = the God
NAHA = our,
DHIYAHA = mind(i.e., in our minds)
PRACHODYAT = by inspiration (fulfil the mind with wisdom)
“We meditate the God who is the base of lives’ of universe, totally free from any sorrow, omnipresent, creates the universe, gives all pleasure/merriment, most supreme and acceptable, purest entity; May the God enlighten our minds with wisdom by His inspiration”.
Here it is not out of place to mention that idea of a (one) Ved mantra is based on ideas of several Ved mantras. So in the above Gayatri mantra, there are three things —-
Bhuhu, Bhuvaha, Swaha, Savituhu, Bhargaha, Devsya are some qualities amongst unlimited qualities of God. These are called Stuti i.e., to say about God with His real qualities and not self made etc.
Secondly Dhimahi means meditation i.e., one should always sit in meditation and do hard and pious deeds for which he will have to study Vedas in full, while discharging moral duties towards family and nation.
Third and last is DHIYO YO NAHA PRACHODYAT. It is a prayer to God explanation of which is cited above.
HOW TO DO HAVAN
Please sit in the morning to perform havan. Havan must be in sunlight then it is more beneficial. Then half a bowl of fresh water with a tablespoon must be with you with small twigs especially of mango tree if possible, havan samagri, ghee, camphor and match box must be there with you. Please sit on sukh asan on four times folded blanket and blanket must be on mat.
Sukh asan i.e., sit on duly folded feet in comfortable position. Then first close your eyes and concentrate between two eyebrows and chant Gayatri mantra three times within heart and not by mouth. Then open your eyes.
Take one spoon of water in right palm. Chant this mantra, OM AMRITO UPASTRANMASI SWAHA and drink the water which you have put in your palm. Then again take the spoon of water in right palm then chant the next mantra, OM AMRITA APIDHANMASI SWAHA, and drink the water. Then again take the water in right palm and chant the mantra, OM SATYAM YASHAH SHRI MAYI SHRI SHRAYTAAM SWAHA, and drink the water. Then wash the right palm while sitting, with the same water kept in bowl.
Then put the twigs into havan kund with one piece of camphor and burn it. During this process chant the Gayatri mantra again and again till such time the fire is lighted sufficiently. Then chant the Gayatri mantra and at the last add the word Swaha and offer ghee with tablespoon, quantity equivalent to 4 to 5 drops. And if you are alone then also offer in fire pinch of havan samagri from your right hand’s finger and thumb avoiding forefinger. So this offering may be of 11 times, 21 times or 51 times as the time suits. It is the simplest way and I have not quoted the complete method of Yajna. The havan with Ved mantras are always offered as the best worship of God only please. Do havan daily and both times.
Procedure of Chanting
Please, start the day by chanting Gayatri mantra in the early morning sitting on suitable asan like Sukhasan, Siddhasan or Padmasan etc. concentrate on the point between two eyebrows which is called “Agyachakra”. The Gayatri mantra should be chanted along with its meaning both times. Also, please try to perform daily hawan even with Gayatri mantra. Then try to study any of my books daily and put up question if any. After 15 days chant the Gayatri mantra only thrice thereafter do the name jaap of Almighty God-“Om”. The jaap must be done daily by heart and not orally.
Ashfaq: Seetaji pita ka name kiya hai
Swami Ram Swarup: Mata Sitaji ke Pita ka naam Raja Janak hai.
Rishi: Guruji pranam, Main ek bahut serious problem ke baare main sawal puch ra hun krpa karke hain reply jaroor karen. Ap kehte ho ki insaan ko uske karmon ke hisab se fal milta hai.. to ye jo gang rape aur chotte chotte bachoom ke rape ho ra hai wo kya hai.. un logon ne kya paap kiya hai… aur agar ye karmon ka fal hai.. to phir bhagwan itna ganda kaise kar sakte hain kisi ke sath.. I am in doubt. Please clarify.
Swami Ram Swarup: My blessings to you.
Teen tarah ke karma hote hain, is vishya mein article paste kar raha hoon.
Three types of Deeds
There are three types of deeds (karmas) – sanchit, prarabhadh and kriyamann. Suppose one soul has to take birth (body). It means he has to face total number of deeds of his all previous lives and these deeds are called sanchit karmas but sanchit deeds are huge/unlimited and cannot be faced in one life. So the karmas which can be faced in one life are called prarabhadh (luck-destiny). So God has not made our luck at His own but Almighty God has considered the deeds which we have already done.
Yajurveda mantra 7/48 clarifies that human being is free to do any deed good or bad but God only awards the result. Now the balance deeds from sanchit deeds will be counted in the next life. Now the deeds which we do in our day today present life are called kriyamann.
If we do pious deeds according to Vedas, shastras and holy books and based on pious preaches of Rishi, Muni/learned saints then our all sanchit deeds are burnt and we can get salvation. Human beings are free in the matter of doing deeds good or bad. But result will be awarded by God. So we must worship and do pious deeds under guidance of a learned Guru. One should go always ahead for hard working, pious deeds, worship to make future bright himself. One should always work hard towards a right path.
Worship does not mean that we are free to discharge only our family duties, education, etc., but rather it is a sin. We have to get progress in both way simultaneously i.e., spiritualism and worldly progress i.e., science, education, duties towards family etc. God creates the universe according to His eternal law framed in Vedas which are always unchangeable and unchallengeable. So we have to follow the law of God always to get long happy life.
Atah isliye kuchh to pichhle janamon ke karmon ke phal se dukh aatey hain aur kuchh is janam ke kiye hue kriyamann karmon kee vajah se aatey hain. Yeh baat to Rigveda mantra 10/135/1,2 and Yajurveda mantra 7/48 se saaf hai ki karma jeev karta hai, phal Ishwar deita hai aur manushya ka janam Ishwar nein isliye diya hai ki hum apne pichhle janamon ke paap wale sanskar khatam karein aur koi naya paap na karein. Bhaav yeh hai ki yeh jo kuchh zyadatar hua hai, yeh insaan ke naye kriyamann paap wale karma hain. Matlab jo yeh gangrape hua hai, aur jinhonein yeh kiya hai, yeh unke is jeevan ke paap wale karma hain.
Rishi: Swamiji pranam, hum sab equality ki baat karte hain magar phir bhagwan ne vedon ka gyan 4 rishis ko hi kyun diya why not two male and two female.. man rule is created by god himself. then man will do the same thing, sam e is going on now also women are ruled by men no equality in the society. Please clarify this. Om Regards Rishi
Swami Ram Swarup: My blessings to you.
Ek to yeh vedon ka gyan Rishiyon ko deine kee parampara anadi kaal se chalee aayee hai. Yeh parampara anadi aur avinashi hai i.e., eternal and everlasting, yeh badlee jaa nahin saktee. Doosra, vedon mein male and female mein difference jo hai, weh shareer kee vajah se hai, lekin asal mein hum log shareer mein rehne wali chetan jeevatma hain. Jeevatma ko purush kaha hai arthat male member kaha hai. Matlab jeevatma chahe purush ke shareer mein ho ya naari ke shareer mein ho, weh hamesha male member hee kehlayegi. Gyan jeevatma ko diya jaata hai, shareer ko nahin. Han! Shareer ke zariye diya jaata hai.Ek vishesh baat aur hai ki jub sansar mein pralay hotee hai aur sab kuchh nasht ho jaata hai, to us samay jo bhi sansar mein char shreshth jeevatmayein vedon ka gyan prapt kiye hotee hain, tapasvi hotee hain lekin kisi karann unka moksha nahin hota to purey sansar mein se Ishwar unhee char tapasvi aur shreshth jeevatmaon ko agli srishti ke prarambh mein vedon ka gyan deita hai. Isliye Ishwar kee nazar mein hamesha samta banee rehtee hai aur nyay rehta hai.
Maan lo, pichlee srishti mein shreshth aur tapsvi jeevatma naari ke shareer mein thee tub bhi to Ishwar nein unhein Rishiyon ka naam deine ke liye manushya ka shareer hee deina hota hai.
Ramesh: Who are the eleven pitrus (11 fathers) as per our vedas?
Swami Ram Swarup: No, such eleven fathers have been mentioned in Vedas, please.