Chittararanjan: Swami ji, Namaste. Please, I want to learn the meaning (Bhavarth) of the
13th Mantra of Chapter 2 of the Yajurveda. The Mantra ends with ” OM PRATISHTH “.
Swami Ram Swarup: Namaste. Idea (Bhavarth) of Yajurveda mantra 2/13 is as under-
1. Ishwar orders that mind of every human-being should be indulged only in pious deeds. The best pious deed is Yajyen. In addition, every moral duty preached in Vedas should be discharged faithfully.
2. God states that I order the whole universe (human-beings) to daily perform holy yajyen. Yajyen will give you happiness and by doing yajyen, you will make others happy as well.
3. Om is the name of Almighty God. The relation between the name of God and human-being must be same as in the relation between father and son.
4. In the absence of doing pious deeds based on Vedas, nobody can get respect/honour. Therefore, all the human-beings should leave the impious deeds and should always do pious deeds. By performing pious deeds, illusion is overcome and rays of light of knowledge can be attained.
S S: Santo ko satsri akaal meri age 40 ho gayi hai lekin bussiness set nahi ho raha hai , mai havan bhi karta hoon lakhon me jaap bhi karta hoon kia ye purv janam ka lekh to nahi hai krupya marg darshan karey..?jaap me chandi ke mantra, mahamrtyunjai,hanumanji,oakaarjaap..etc karta hoon
Swami Ram Swarup: Sat Sri Akaalji.
Aap hawan karte hain yeh vedon mein Ishwar ki bahut badi pooja kahi hai. aur bhi achacha hoga yadi aap hawan ke mantra ke arth aur bhaav bhi yaad karein. Aur hawan ke ant mein Ishwar se prarthna bhi karein. Ishwar hawan mein sunta hai. Iske baad hum hamesha yaad rakhein ki- God helps those who help themselves. Arthat Ishwar unkee madad karta hai jo apnee madad apne aap karte hain. Atah aap ko apne business mein khoob dhyan deina chahiye aur kadi mehnat karnee hai, jissey khush hokar Ishwar aapki madad kareiga aur aap ka business badeiga. Kewal Ishwar ke naam leine se Ishwar madad nahin karta. Hamein business ko bhi poora samay deina hai. Kyunki jiske paas paise ke kami hai ussey Ishwar bhakti theek tarah se nahin ho paati. Ishwar ne vedon mein aur vanniyon mein yeh bhi kaha hai ki jo do time Ishwar ki bhakti karta hai aur saara din parivaar ko palne ke liye mehnat ki kamai karta hai to weh dhan kamane ka karam bhi Ishwar bhakti mein hi ginna jaata hai. Kabhi dil na chchota karein bhakti aur mehnat karein aur aagey badein. Jaap to sirf ek Omkar ka hee karna chahiye. Us ek Nirakar Ishwar se badkar na koi tha, na koi hai, na koi kabhi hoga. Weh Nirakar Sarv Vyapak aur Sarv Shaktimaan, Sansar Ki rachna Karnewala aur Palne Wala Parmeshwar hee sabse mahaan hai, useeki hum pooja karein. Isliye Shri Guru Banni mein bhi kaha hai-
“Ikko Simariye Nanaka, Jo Jal Thal Raha Samay,
Dooja Kahe Simariye Jo Janamein Aur Mar Jaye.”
Ved, Shastra aur Shri Guru Bani ke hisaab se Ek Nirakar/Omkar Parmeshwar ko chchod kar anya jaap manushya ke liye labhkari nahin hai.
Han, Mahamrityunjaya mantra Yajurveda ka 3/60 mantra hai jiske bare mein mera article neechey paste kar diya gaya hai, aap usey padein.
Mahamrityunjaya name has been originated by we people, otherwise it is Yajurveda mantra 3/60. So we must say that we are reciting Yajurveda mantra but it has been a tendency to say it as mahamrityunjaya mantra. It can never be started with any other shloka or mantra etc., because Ved mantras emanate direct from God at the beginning of the earth. So Ved mantras have not been written by a Rishi-Muni, man, woman etc., as Almighty, Omnipresent, Formless God is unchangeable. So are the mantras. The Knowledge of Ved mantras is eternal, immortal and unchangeable.
In the said mantra, we pray to God that Oh God! I perform your Yajyen, may my life be long i.e., 100 years or upto 400 years as the Vedas say. However, no one can cross the age of 400 years please. So, everybody must recite and do Yajyen from the said mantras himself because in the mantra we are praying to God that Oh God! I am myself doing your worship by Yajyen and no one else on my behalf.
“TRIYAMBAKAM YAJAMAHE SUGANDHIM PUSHTIVARDHANAM URVARUKMIV BANDHANAANMRITYORMUKSHEEYA MAAMRITAAT.”
(Rigveda mantra 7/59/12)
“TRIYAMBAKAM YAJAMAHE” is the Rigveda Mantra number 7/59/12. Its meaning is (TRIYAMBAKAM) whose knowledge remains constant in past, present and future. Actually “AMBAKAM” means eyes, TRI means three i.e., He who has three eyes. Here three eyes means past, present and future, the three phrases of time i.e., whose knowledge remains unchangeable in past, present , future times and who is present and sees past, present and future.
(YAJAMAHE) do daily worship ((SUGANDHIM), who makes us the best and the purest (PUSHTIVARDHANAM) who increases the strength of our body and soul.
Meaning:- We must daily worship the God whose knowledge remains unchangeable in past, present and future and who is present and sees the past, present and future. He makes us the best and the purest and increases the strength of our body and soul.
Idea:- Yajyen and Ashtang Yoga Practice is the best worship of God. So, we must daily do Yajyen and Ashtang Yoga Practice.
(BANDHANAAT) connected to (LATAA) creeper (URVARUKMIV) like a ripened cucumber (MRITYOHO) from death (MUKSHEEYA) get liberated.
Meaning:- With the grace of God, may I get liberated from death like a ripened cucumber which gets released from the creeper.
Idea:- The cucumber automatically gets separated from the creeper when it gets fully ripened. It becomes tasty even. Similarly, by the worship of God i.e., while performing Yajyen and Practice of Ashtang Yoga Philosophy, I may also attain full disease free age i.e., hundred years or more and get free from the death automatically.
(MA MUKSHIMAHEE) may we never be separated from faith, belief (AMRITAM) from supreme, divine pleasure of final liberation.
Idea:- This human body is blessed by God to do daily Yajyen wherein knowledge of Vedas is also listened from Brahma i.e., learned acharya who is a philosopher of four Vedas and Ashtang Yoga . Our faith and belief must never diminish from following the said path of worship to get final liberation.
Main Idea:- In the above mantra , we pray to God. There are two types of prayers-
Prayer emanates direct from God in the shape of Ved mantras like above mantra which are eternal, true and the best. Prayers which are man-made in the shape of so many shlokas etc., written by human-beings i.e., saints etc.
No doubt that the prayers which emanate from God are the best. So, the human being must know the deep philosophy of the Vedas and must worship God and must do prayer of God as mentioned in Vedas which will ever be beneficial for all mankind, we must only worship the God whose description has been given in the Vedas by God Himself. Who can know God as God knows Himself? So, description of God in Vedas is eternal, true and the best.
Secondly, prayer is not enough. God states in Vedas (Refer Rigveda mantra 1/10/5) that one must also do hard, pious deeds to fulfil one’s prayer otherwise prayer will not help the person. Based on the Philosophy of Vedas, nowadays the true phrase is famous-“God Helps Those Who Help Themselves”. So we must ourselves do hard, pious deeds according to our prayer. Worship for the God/Gods against the Vedas are always sorrowful.
So the idea of the above mantra is clear wherein it is mentioned “TRIYAMBAKAM YAJAMAHE” i.e., Oh! God, we do Yajyen (worship) ourselves. So we can never depute any other person to perform the Yajyen from the above ved mantra because mantra states to perform the Yajyen ourselves. Mostly, due to lack of knowledge of ved mantras, we engage some other person to perform Yajyen which according to Vedas, can never be beneficial.
Because “YAJAMAHE” is “ATMANEPAD DHATU”. Dhatu means root word. It means YAJAMAHE word is applicable to personal matter. So we will have to perform Yajyen, personally. In Vedas its name has not been mentioned as “Mahamritynjaye mantra”.
However, if somebody has stated its name as Mahamritynjaye jaap then it makes no difference if we are aware of the truth-
That it is Rigveda mantra 7/59/12 (quoted above) and also Yajurveda mantra 3/60. So the study of Vedas and above quoted mantras reveals –“TRIYAMBAKAM YAJAMAHE” i.e., we must perform Yajyen with Ved mantras ourselves and do hard pious deeds i.e., listening of Vedas , performing of Yajyen and practice of Ashtang Yoga Philosophy daily to fulfil the prayer mentioned in above mantras i.e., Oh! God may I be liberated from death and get divine pleasure of final liberation. The hard, pious deed must be carried out while discharging all our moral duties as mentioned in Yajurveda mantra 40/2.