Lalit: Swamiji please explain the following mantra:
Abhayam mitrad-abhayam-amitrad abhyam-jnatad abhayam paroksat*
*Abhayam naktam-abhayam diva nah sarva asa mama mitram bhavantu* Atharvaveda
19.15.6 thank you
Swami Ram Swarup: This is a prayer to God as under-
Oh! God, (Mitrad abhyam- amitrad abhyam) May we be fearless from my friends and from those who are not my friends. (Gyatat abhyam) may we be fearless from known persons and (yah puraha abhyam) and from those who are in front of me ( Naha naktam abhyam) may we be fearless from night (Diva abhyam) as well as in day (Mama sarvaha ashaha) all our desires and all the four directions (Mitram bhavantu) may become our friends.
Navin: Pranam Swamiji, Jai shree Krishna, Human being has two aspect of life one is lokik and other adyatmic dhara In lokik dhara we have niti shastra and in adyatmic dhara we have karma theory. If we compare both there is vast difference. Now, if we are from manu and satrupa dynesty means whole world is brother and sister but niti shastra shows gotra where one is vasya, shatri, brahamin and sudra, so how this can happen? In bhagvat katha gokaran arranged katha to remove all sin which dundukari has done but karma theory is clear that who has earned karma has to perform his own karma, what ever it may be the fruits of bed or good karma, even krishna added that i will not interfear in earned karma of jivatma.. this is difficult to digest Like wise there are several other episode where vardan and curse given and they were against the earned karma
From above there must be some other system so that one can give vardan and curse,
I wish to know what is the truth behind this . Once again pranam and jaisree Krishna
Swami Ram Swarup: My blessings to you. In this connection, Vedas already state that human-being must get progress in spiritualism (Adhyatmikvad) as well as in worldly matters-science etc. (bhautikvad). Both the said knowledge has been described in detail in the four Vedas but it is our bad luck that nowadays we do not listen Vedas from a learned acharya and hence illusion. As regards form of deeds (karma kand), the matter is especially mentioned in Yajurveda. However, I paste my article below, as regards, teaching of each Vedas-
There are three educations/preach about
(i) knowledge – science etc(Gyan) in Rigveda,
At the time of every creation, knowledge of four Vedas emanates direct from God and is originated in the heart of four Rishis in non-sexual creation. In the said process, first of all, the knowledge of Rigveda advents and originates in the heart of Rishi Agni. In this veda though the description of every worldly matter right from straw to God has been mentioned but it speaks especially about matters concerning science of the world. God has described qualities/nature of all materialistic articles of the universe. Therefore, the entire mankind must get the benefit of eternal knowledge of Vedas by knowing about right from straw to Brahma i.e., God. The meaning of “Ric” is that wherein the qualities and nature of all matters have been described and the meaning of veda is knowledge i.e., true knowledge. These words are used in making the pious word “Rigveda”.
(ii) In Yajurveda, the form of true, pious deeds have been preached . So, in the absence of listening of Yajurveda, we can’t know about real moral duties of students, married persons, vanprasthis and sanyasis. Even the moral and social obligations of King, parents, children etc., can’t be known.
(iii) In Samveda there is preach about eternal true worship of God like yajyen, name jaap, practice of ashtang yoga by following which an aspirant realises God/attains salvation.
(iv) Atharvaveda authenticates the above three vedas’ preach. It also contains comprehensive knowledge of medical science.
So, Almighty God who is formless, creates, nurses, destroys and again creates universe. This process is eternal and everlasting. So, at the time of beginning of each non-sexual creation, the knowledge of above four Vedas emanates direct from God and is originated in the heart of four Rishis. The knowledge is given by the God to the human-beings for their welfare/benefit because until the knowledge is given by somebody, no one can attain the knowledge. In the beginning of the creation, no preacher, guru, acharya, teacher is present there to teach. So, God gives the knowledge.
Three types of Deeds
There are three types of deeds (karmas) – sanchit, prarabhadh and kriyamann. Suppose one soul has to take birth (body). It means he has to face total number of deeds of his all previous lives and these deeds are called sanchit karmas but sanchit deeds are huge/unlimited and cannot be faced in one life. So the karmas which can be faced in one life are called prarabhadh (luck-destiny). So God has not made our luck at His own but Almighty God has taken the deeds which we have already done.
Yajurveda mantra 7/48 clarifies that human being is free to do any deed good or bad but God only awards the result. Now the balance deeds from sanchit deeds will be counted in the next life. Now the deeds which we do in our day today present life are called kriyamann.
If we do pious deeds according to Vedas, shastras and holy books and based on pious preaches of Rishi, Muni/learned saints then our all sanchit deeds are burnt and we can get salvation. Human beings are free in the matter of doing deeds good or bad. But result will be awarded by God. So we must worship and do pious deeds under guidance of a learned Guru. One should go always ahead for hard working, pious deeds, worship to make future bright himself. One should always work hard towards a right path.
Worship does not mean that we are free to discharge only our family duties, education, etc., but rather it is a sin. We have to get progress in both way at a time i.e., spiritualism and worldly progress i.e., science, education, duties towards family etc. God creates the universe according to His eternal law framed in Vedas which are always unchangeable and unchallengeable. So we have to follow the law of God always to get long happy life.
REMOVING BINDINGS OF KARMA (KARMA BANDHAN)
Pain or suffering of karmas is unlimited since the load of sanchit karmas is uncountable. But all karmas (deeds- good or bad) can be burnt in the present life by doing real worship of God. It may take next birth also according to the amount of time and dedication with which an aspirant pursues his worship.
So the real remedy is to follow the eternal path of four Vedas. One should listen Vedas from an experienced Acharya who knows Vedas as well as Ashtang Yoga philosophy, which also exists in Vedas. Regular guidance of learned Acharya is needed by the aspirant.
Who says that God is sitting idle? Otherwise, who else is controlling the universe? Who is giving justice to human-beings in this divine court of law? How the wind is blowing, earth is moving, sun is revolving, sun and moon are bringing about the production of crops, who is controlling birth and death, who is laughing with in the blooming flowers? Who awakes us in the morning and under whose power do we retire to our beds to sleep and under whose supervision our digestive system works? Who has created the whole universe and matters etc.
We are taking rest but God never does so. He is our commander and He showers mercy on us by donating the whole world to us along with knowledge of four Vedas to make us learned but most of the people get indulged only in materialistic articles of the world and forget Almighty God and hence the sorrows, problems, tensions, diseases etc., devolve over them.
As regards war, hatred, terrorism, etc. it is man-made problem created because of lack of knowledge of Vedas. Yajurveda mantra 7/48 clearly states that human beings are free to do good or bad deeds but result is awarded by God accordingly in the shape of happiness and sorrows respectively.
Niti shastra encloses very small knowledge as compared to Vedas. Eternal knowledge of Vedas emanates direct from God whereas Niti shastra has been written by some political thinkers of various times.
Manu bhagwan was the first emperor of the earth because he traditionally studied all four Vedas. Manu has rightly stated that whole world is brother and sister. His philosophy was based on Vedas. Vedas tell that formless, Almighty God creates the universe and nurses it. Therefore, God is our father as well as our mother because He is the one who always nurses the entire universe. He who gives us birth and nurses us in this world too, is our parent. So, naturally God is actually our father and we, all the living beings of universe, are his sons and daughters, based on the said Vedic philosophy, Manusmriti has rightly told that we all human-beings are brothers and sisters.
From non-alive matters Prakriti, universe is created by God. In the beginning Non-sexual creation takes place. So, we are not the future generation of Manu or satrupa because before Manu’s birth, the creation had already been created by God. Fact has also been stated in Bhagwad Geeta shloka 4/1. Bhagwad Purann/Bhagwad katha does not tally with Vedas so, learned of Vedas do not accept it. The fundamental law of Vedas (Yajurveda mantra 7/48) clearly states that he who does – good or bad, the result of the same would first of all be faced by him only. Vardaan and curse words have been created by man especially in Purann, so are not acceptable. Even God tells in Vedas That He does not excuse the sin but those who follow the eternal Vedic path and do yajyen then only the antahakarann is cleansed. My blessings to you.