Ashok: Swami jisadarnamastay. Swami ji main koi rishi nahihoon or na hi meri koi vedpadhnekiichchhahainlakin main vishvassabdka proper matlabjaroorjannachahatahoonmujhe ye bhimaloomhainkikuchh bate sab logo konahibataijatibhagwatgitagorakhpurke 18th ch.ke 67 vesloka me bhishayadkuchhaisa hi likhahainmeri is sabdke bare me jannekibahutjayadachahathainbhale hi aap is baatkosarvajaniknakarekewalmujhe hi email kar de vishvaskaaapnevi+shvas ye sandhivichchhedbatayahain ab mujhekripakarkeasaansabdo main vi kaevamshvaska matlabbataye.apkiatikripahogi.
Swami Ram Swarup: Namasteji. Mujhe yahan itna hee kahana hai ki sansar ko banakar Ishwar ne manushya jaati ko char vedon ka gyan diya hai jise pad–sunkar manushya sukhmay jeevan vyateet karey aur dukhon ka nash karey. Ab aap kahte hain ki aap ved padne kee ichcha nahin rakhte to yeh Ishwar kee agya ke khilaf ek paap hai, aap yeh samjhein. Koi aisee baat nahin hai ki adhikari jigyasu ko naa batayee jaye. Ishwar ne vedic gyan to adhikari jigyasu ko baatne ke liye hee diya hai. Yahan yeh bhi samjhein ki manushya hokar ved shastron ke gyan ya Ishwar kee bhakti nakarne se manushya zinda -2 bhi marey ke samaan hota hai, bhumi par bhaar hota hai aur sadaa dukhee rahta hai. Yahee nahin ved kehte hain ki woh agle janam mein bhi pashu-pakshi kee yoniyon mein padker dukh bhogta hai.
Geeta shlok 18/67 ka arth hai ki jo manushya tap se rahit hai, Ishwar bhakti nahin karta aur jo ved shastron ke updesh nahin sunna chahta usey koi bhi gyan na diya jaye. Tap ka arth hai- shrutam tapah i.e., ved sunna tap hai, sham tapah, dam tapah etc. Indriyon ko burai se rokna tap hai ityadi. Shri Krishna maharaj kah rahe hain phir aisey nastic paap yukt logon ko gyan kyon sunaya jaye? Aap ved shastra nahi sunna chahte is karan mujhe bhi aap ke prashnn ka uttar nahin dena chaihye. Phir bhi main de raha hoon aur is uttar ka aapko koi bhi laabh kabhi nahin hoga. Kyon ki yeh Ishwar ka niyam hai jo Geeta shlok 2/29 mein likha hai ki hey Arjun! Aison ko sunkar, padkar bhi gyan nahin milta. Is sey aage main kuchh nahin kahana chahta kyonki aapne yeh kahkar ki aap kee ved padne kee ichcha nahin hai, gyan ko viraam de diya hai.
Sri Vivek: Dear Ji…I visited UR stall in HSSF 2014 at Chennai I am aged 52, a brahmachari. I am financially very,very poor. I will be in touch with U. Please send UR answers in a separate Microsoft Word Document and attach. I want to take print outs of UR answers for my use.To start with today I am posing you 3 questions. I will put my questions latter after I receive your reply.
1. What does ‘Rig’, ‘Yajur’, ‘Sama’and ‘ Atharvana’mean? (Veda Is Knowledge)?
What do they contain? Explain in detail.
2. What are ‘Samithis’ and ‘Shruthis’ ? Explain in detail.
3. What does ‘Upanashids’ mean? What do they contain? Explain, please.
How many Upanishads are there? Name all of them. Explain the contents. Give the meaning of all Upanishads Titles?
Lastly, if you could donate I mean do ‘Vidhya Dhanam’ of UR English and Tamil BOOKS I welcome it.
Send a separate WORD Document to my e-mail. Sorry…I know U have a lot of work. But answering ME will never go waste. Kindly help. Kindly co-operate. I will send my next question after I get a reply.
PLEASE TAKE UR OWN TIME.
Dhanyawath, (With Love)
Swami Ram Swarup: My blessings to you. I paste my one of the answers—-
There are three educations/preach about
(i) knowledge – science etc(Gyan) in Rigved,
At the time of every creation, knowledge of four Vedas emanates direct from God and is originated in the heart of four Rishis in non-sexual creation. In the said process, first of all, the knowledge of Rigved advents and originates in the heart of Rishi Agni. In this Veda though the description of every worldly matter right from straw to God has been mentioned but it speaks especially about matters concerning science of the world. God has described qualities/nature of all materialistic articles of the universe. Therefore, the entire mankind must get the benefit of eternal knowledge of Vedas by knowing about right from straw to Brahma i.e., God. The meaning of “Ric” is that wherein the qualities and nature of all matters have been described and the meaning of Veda is knowledge i.e., true knowledge. These words are used in making the pious word “Rigved”.
(ii) In Yajurved, the form of true, pious deeds have been preached. So, in the absence of listening of Yajurved, we can’t know about real moral duties of students, married persons, vanprasthis and sanyasis. Even the moral and social obligations of King, parents, children etc., can’t be known.
(iii) In Samved there is preach about eternal true worship of God like Yajyen, name jaap, practice of Ashtang yoga by following which an aspirant realises God/attains salvation.
(iv) Atharvaved authenticates the above three vedas’ preach. It also contains comprehensive knowledge of medical science.
So, Almighty God who is formless, creates, nurses, destroys and again creates universe. This process is eternal and everlasting. So, at the time of beginning of each non-sexual, the knowledge of above four Vedas emanates direct from God and is originated in the heart of four Rishis. The knowledge is given by the God to the human-beings for their welfare/benefit because until the knowledge is given by somebody, no one can attain the knowledge. In the beginning of the creation, no preacher, guru, acharya, teacher is present there to teach. So, God gives the knowledge.
2). Smriti means the spiritual granth written by the mantradrishta rishis like Manusmriti etc.
Vedas are called ‘Shruti’ also. ‘Shruti’ means the knowledge was listened from the mouth of the said four Rishis by disciples, then disciples became Rishis and they spread the knowledge of Vedas and so on. So, uptil Mahabhart war, the said knowledge of Vedas spread heart to heart, by listening method and no book was published. Now, a great Rishi named Vyas Muniji, who also listened to four Vedas from his acharya and remembered it by heart, decided for the first time to write the knowledge of Vedas on Bhoj patra. Finally, he wrote the four Vedas on Bhoj patra, in his hand-writing. In sixteen century, the printing press came into existence and four Vedas were printed and produced in the shape of four samhitas.
3). Upnishad= Up+Ni+Sad= Upnishad.
Up means near, Ni means sure, Sad means truth i.e., sitting near, under the pious feet of acharya, one should listen to Vedas to know the truth. The education through which an aspirant gets the knowledge of Almighty God is called Upnishad.
About 11 upnishads
1. Eeshavasyopnishad- The first word of first shloka of Upnishad is Eeshavasyam and based on it the name of the Upnishad is called Eeshavasyopnishad.
It comprises of almost entire last 40th chapter of Yajurveda. The Upnishad inspires to do hard working continuously and tells that God is everywhere and is watching us every time, so we must be afraid of God and always do pious deeds according to Vedas. Otherwise, God punishes the sinners/wrong doers. So, everybody must do the pious deeds and utilize the worldly matters, being duly detached from them. It gives knowledge of “Vidya” and “avidya” i.e., ‘Wisdom’ and ‘Illusion’, Individualism and Collectivism i.e.., Vyaktiwad and spashtiwad respectively and destruction.
2. Kenopnishad- Writer is ken Rishi. It gives knowledge of senses, perceptions and mind. Upnishad warns an individual to strive to know the God in his present life otherwise he shall be admonished to self-destruction. Wise persons attain salvation. It reveals story of yaksha and says the base of spiritualism as Tap (austerity), Dam (control over senses etc.) and Karma (pious deeds).
3. Kathopnishad- Writer is Kath Rishi. There is discussion between Vajashravas (father) and Nachiketa (son) regarding donation of cows. The Upnishad says about waiting of Nachiketa for three nights to get Deeksha from acharya. Acharya lures Nachiketa and tries to indulge him in illusion but Nachiketa does not fall for the same. Acharya is pleased and asks him to get three blessings from him. Concept of shrey (pious path) and prey (impious path).
God resides in the heart. Knowledge of Om, Brahma, death etc., is also given. Soul is driver of the body. Knowledge of soul, vasu, hota and atithi is also revealed.
Human body is like an inverted tree, knowledge of one hundred one arteries and veins.
In this Upnishad:-
(i)Kabandi and Katyayan Rishi put forth questions to Piplad Rishi that from whom the creation is originated.
(ii) Bhargava and Vaidarbhi Rishi ask Piplad Rishi that who holds the creation.
(iii) Kaushlayya and Aashwalayan put questions to Piplad Rishi about the origin of prann.
(iv) Sauryayanni and Gargaya ask Piplad Rishi that who takes sleep and who does not sleep.
(v) Shaivya and Satyakaam ask Piplad Rishi that what is the importance of OMKAR.
(vi) Sukesha and Bahrdwaj ask Piplad Rishi as to where the Purush (person) having 16 kala, lives.
5. Mundakopnishad:- it contains:-
(i) Angira Rishi preaches the Brahma Vidya (spiritualism) to Shaunak Rishi.
(ii) Description of Viraat Purush.
(iii) Description of two birds, one who is witness and other bears the result of karmas and the God is never realized based on the mere long preaches and stories etc.
It contains description of stages of Jagrat (awakened). Swapan (dreaming) and sushupti (sound sleep).
7. Taiteeryopnishad :-
(i) Pronunciation and description of Truth.
(ii) About creation and description of divine pleasure.
(iii) Preach to Bhrigu by Varunn Rishi.
(iv) Importance of food (Anna)
8. Aiitaryopnishad :- tells about creation and description of pregnancy.
(i) Talks about worship of OMKAR/Udgeet.
(ii) About Samveda gayan,Yajyen.
(iii) Adhyatmik Vikas (spiritual upliftment)
(iv) Importance of Gayatri mantra.
(v) God is realized in human body.
(vi) Discussion between prann and organs.
(vii) Preach to Shwetketu by his father about Truth i.e., Truth is everlasting and Preach about “ Tatvam Asi”
(viii) Preach to Narad by Sanat Kumar Rishi.
(ix) Description of the eternal Truth about the unity of worldly matters and spiritualism.
(x) The door by which soul goes out of body.
(xi) Dialogue between Gargi and Yagvalkaya Rishi
It contains knowledge about :-
(i) Death and creation
(ii) Relating to Prann in Dev and asur
(iv) The meaning of Aham Brahma Asmi.
(v) The origin of Dharma.
11. Shwetashwataropnishad:- It contains discussion on-
The reason for creation i.e., by whom the universe was created.
God gives birth to soul based on his deeds.
Soul is bound in the ties of karma.
Knowledge of God, Soul and prakriti.
God is within human-beings like oil is present in seeds of Til.
Meditation, Praise and Prayer.
Dhyan Yoga and Prannayam.
To know the God who creates, nurses and destroys.
God is the Lord of Soul and Prakriti.
Definition of Knowledge (Spiritualism) and illusion.
He is called Brahma who knows Vedas.
Form of soul.
The reason of rebirth.
The reason of creation is not natural or due to time. Because creation relates to Almighty God.
Those who have equal faith- in God as well as in Guru, they realise God.
After studying it, you may put your query again, if any.